How to Install Recessed Pot Lighting
Recessed lights give you lighting that’s functional but “hidden” in the ceiling. Also known as can lights, this type of light can be used for ambiance, task lighting or to highlight decor around your home. You can install recessed lights either during new construction or when remodeling. This guide details how to install recessed lighting and which recessed lighting parts you’ll need to complete the job.
- Turn the wall switch in the room to the “off” setting.
- Turn off the power to the room at the main fuse or breaker box. If you can’t turn off power for just that room, turn off the power for the entire house.
- Use a voltage tester to be sure there is no electricity flowing through the wires.
Tip: If you are not comfortable working with electricity, call a licensed electrician to complete your installation rather than learning how to install recessed lighting yourself.
1. Cut a Hole in the Ceiling: Option A
Whether you’re installing recessed lights in new construction or remodeling a room, first plan your light placement. Then mark the planned locations before drilling or cutting any holes.
- Use the template provided with your light kit to draw the outline for each opening.
- Use a stud finder to make sure the holes do not overlap a joist.
- Drill a 1/4-inch hole in the ceiling at the center of the planned opening.
- If necessary, go into the attic and make sure there are no wires, pipes or ductwork behind the planned opening.
- If the area above the ceiling is a finished space, you can insert a coat hanger or fish tape through hole to check for any obstructions.
- Cut the larger hole with a hole saw and mark all light locations.
- Be careful not to snag any wires that may be in the ceiling cavity.
2. Cut a Hole in the Ceiling: Option B
After taking the same precautions as above, use a power tool to make your cuts and save time.
- Cut the hole with a drill with a hole saw and mark all light locations.
- Make sure you do not snag any wires that may be in the ceiling cavity.
3. Rough-In the Wiring
If you have an existing light fixture that you are replacing, disconnect it before you begin the process of how to wire recessed lights.
- Run NM-B cable from the power source to a switch box and then to the first hole, allowing at least 18-inches of extra cable to make wiring easy.
- Run cable from the first hole to the second hole, then from the second to the third, continuing to the last recessed light location.
4. Wire the Light
- Open the light’s junction box.
- Run cables into the box and clamp them.
- Use wire stripper to strip a few inches of the cable’s insulation to reveal the interior wires.
- Next use the wire stripper to remove about 1/2-inch of insulation from each wire.
- Connect like-colored wires using UL-approved wire connectors. Always match black to black, white to white and ground to ground (ground wires may be bare copper or have green insulation).
- Fold the wires carefully into the box and replace the cover.
5. Mount the Light
- Most models of recessed light housing have four clips that clamp the can to the ceiling by pushing down on top of the drywall.
- Pull the clips in so they do not protrude outside the can.
- Slip the can’s box into the hole, and then push the can body up into the hole until its flange is tight to the ceiling.
- With your thumb, push each clip up and outward until it clicks and clamps the light fixture.
6. Add the Trim
Most recessed light trims are mounted with coil springs or squeezable rod springs.
- If you have coil springs, hook each spring to its assigned hole inside the can.
- Pull out each spring and hook it to the trim, then carefully guide the trim into position.
- If you have rod springs, squeeze and insert both ends of each spring into their assigned holes.
- Push the trim up into position.
7. Install Light Bulbs
Once you have completed the trim, simply add the light bulbs you like. Then turn the power back on and check to be sure the lights are working.
Safety: Do not exceed the total wattage of the circuit. For example, if your previous light fixture on this circuit used five 75-watt bulbs, then a safe wattage is 375-watts total (5 x 75 = 375). If you wanted to exceed this, consult a licensed electrician to determine how much of a load the circuit can accommodate.
Knowing how to install recessed lighting gives you the freedom to brighten your home however you want. Recessed lights are versatile and subtle, making them a great addition to any room.